Flag afghanistan Afghanistan Government travel warning

Very High Overall Risk Score: 5

Official name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Head of state
President: Ashraf Ghani
Population 32,738,376
Capital and Largest city Kabul, 2,206,300
Other cities Kandahar, 349,300; Mazar-i-Sharif, 246,900; Charikar, 202,600; Herat, 171,500
Languages Dari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages
Religions Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Ethnicity Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Economic Summary

Monetary Afghani
Economic summary $35 billion; per capita $800
Unemployment 40%
Real growth rate 7.5%
Inflation 16.3%
Labor force 15 million; agriculture 80%, industry 10%, services 10%
Industries Small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Exports $274 million; note - not including illicit exports or reexports (2006): opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semiprecious gems
Imports $3.823 billion: capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products
Trading partner Pakistan, India, U.S., Germany


Land area 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km)

Total area 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km)

Arable land 12.13%

Agriculture Opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins